Hispanic and Asian women, in particular, are shown to be most affected; Hispanic and Asian women are shown to fill less skilled, domestic service jobs where the concentration of their black and white counterparts are lower. Wage gaps have been identified for many races within the United States; however, research has found that the size and causes of the wage gap differs by race. Annual Review of Sociology. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. In the new globalized economy that formed, much of the United States' manufacturing was exported, which affected most adversely the group of Americans in the lowest section of the education distribution, a section in which minority groups are overrepresented. He argues that investments in education, especially higher education, will result in higher rates of economic growth and lower income inequality. Saskia Sassen found that the redistribution of manufacturing jobs out of central cities in the s negatively affected the wage gap between blacks and whites because most blacks live in cities.
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